Easter Cactus Plants, also known as Christmas Cactus, is actually an endangered type of cactus. Its scientific name is Schlumbergera. What kind of plant is it? How to grow? What are the details that need to be considered when it is growing? How to reproduce? In short, what is Schlumbergera, what is easter cactus and what are the needs to be answered? All are in this article!
If you want to learn about the care for houseplants that we grow at our home, you can read our article.
Schlumbergera, the easter cactus, consists of several species. Of these, Schlumbergera russelina is no longer commercially produced. Usually hand-to-hand distributed and reproduced type of Schlumbergera that we will talk about is easter cactus.
The natural environment of the easter cactus is the dense humid mountain forests in the tropical – subtropical transition zone of Brazil. This is why they are resistant to cold weather and they need moisture.
Easter Cactus Plants’ Features
- Its scientific name is Schlumbergera truncata. It was awarded this name only because it blooms in winter. When the autumn ends, it starts to bloom and the time of flowering varies according to the region it grows.
- The leaves of the plant are flat and attached to each other. Branches continue to grow in this form. Even though it has leaves, it is actually a kind of cactus.
- Schlumbergera is among long-lived house plants.
- Being a long-lived plant does not mean that it will bloom as soon as you receive your flower. There are periods of rest.
- Easy to grow. They expect less attention and care than other house plants.
- It can grow up to 30 cm.
Care of Easter Cactus Plants
Easter cactus’ care is not difficult. It is one of the house plats that can be easily grown. But like any plant, of course, they want care. Here is what you need to know for the care of easter cactus in your home;
- Easter cactus loves light but should not be exposed to direct sunlight. Like many house plants, the sun without floating does not make it happy. The temperature of the room in which the plant is located should not fall below 14 degrees.
- It can be said that the ideal place for this plant is a place that does not receive direct sunlight. Considering that the natural environment of the plant is above the tree branches in the forest, it can be said that they like filtered sunlight. However, they should never be left in dark places.
- The leaves of the easter cactus need light to grow fast. If the pot of the plant is not turned occasionally, it may be inclined towards where it sees the light. If your plant does not get enough light during the day, there will be no blooming and your existing flowers may fade.
- When watering the easter cactus, the same amount of water is always given to the plant through the pot. Watering with rested and room-temperature water is not only beneficial for easter cactus but for all your house plants.
- The most important detail during the watering of the easter cactus is that the water can reach all the soil equally. The watering frequency is once a week. However, you can increase it to 2 per week during the warmer months. In this case, you can select certain watering days. For example, Sundays and Wednesdays may be suitable for you. Before re-watering, it is important that you check the moisture of the soil by hand and determine if your plant needs water.
- The plant will be damaged if exposed to excessive watering. Therefore, you should pay attention to watering. When the plant is watered less, it will suffer less damage than watering.
- Do not forget to pour out the water accumulated in the pot plate after about half a day, i.e 12 hours after watering. Your plant does not need to withdraw the filtered water. On the contrary, it can cause bad odors and diseases.
- For the flower to have blossomed, it must be kept outside the house after the summer. Balconies and window fronts are suitable for this. In this way, the plant will gradually feel that winter is coming and will prepare its flowers accordingly. Whenever budding starts in the plant, it should be taken into the house.
- In September and October, it should be kept in a particularly cool place and its watering should be reduced. Considering that it is a kind of cactus, it can be said that it should not be over-watered during periods when it is not flower. During this period, water should be given as the soil dries.
- It is a tropical plant and therefore needs moisture. You will like spraying water on the leaves.
- If the plant’s flowers and leaves are healthy, there is no need for vitamin supplements. According to the needs of your plant, you can give vitamins.
When will your flower be bloomed?
If your flower doesn’t feel the end of autumn and winter starts, it won’t bloom. In warm environments, there will be no blooming if it does not feel the passage of the season.
- Pruning is, of course, very important in the easter cactus as in any plant. Fading leaves should be cleaned with a sterile and cutting tool immediately after the flowers on the branches of the plant have faded. In this way, it can bloom again. It is recommended that these cutting areas be covered with cold silicone to prevent air-breathing.
- The easter cactus likes to breathe lightly after the buds emerge, but should be kept away from the wind flow in normal times. If there is airflow, the plant may be shaken, which may cause the plant roots to be vented.
- Easter cactus enjoys hummus and fibrous soil. It is grown more easily in permeable soils. Animal manure will increase flowering. In addition, the more the roots of the plant multiplied, the more potential for flowering.
The colors of easter cactus are very varied. white, pink, red tones are among the most encountered. The yellow one is a well-known form, but it is not very common.
How to Reproduce Easter Cactus?
The preferred method of reproducing of easter cactus is usually separating roots. Plants separated from the roots are planted in new pots and necessary routine care is continued. Seed and cuttings are some methods used to reproduce the plant.
The easiest method of producing the plant is by storing a few nodes taken from the plant out for half a day and then planting it in the soil mixture. Then you should place your new plant to a bright place where it will not get direct sunlight and water it rarely. After that, rooting will take place within a few months.
Sometimes different plants are preferred when budding the easter cactus. Budding of the flower with cactus is very common.
The answer to the question of when the pot of the flower to be changed can vary. You can change the soil of your plant every 2 or 3 years according to the development of your plant. The upper limit for flowerpot replacement is 6 years. It is recommended to change the pot before the end of the 6th year of your plant. You can also use a large size pot when changing the soil. All kinds of pots are also suitable for this plant. However, if you are going to use soil pots, it is recommended that you follow the dryness of the soil well. Because soil pots cause the soil to dry faster.
It is appropriate for your plant to change the pots in the middle of spring. This soft air flow creates a suitable time period for your plant to adapt to its new soil before flowering.
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PS: Featured image of the post cited from whitneykshaffer.com